Transplants

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Organ transplantation is a total or partial replacement of a diseased organ or tissue with a healthy one, from one body (donor) to another (receiver).
Organs that can be transplanted:
-heart
-kidneys
-eyes
-liver
-lungs
-intestine
-tissues (bones, tendons, cornea, skin, heart valves, and veins). 
BRAIN cannot be transplanted!
1905: First successful cornea transplant by Eduard Zirm (Czech Republic)
1954: First successful kidney transplant by Joseph Murray (Boston, U.S.A.)
1967: First successful liver transplant by Thomas Starzl (Denver, U.S.A.)
1967: First successful heart transplant by Christian Barnard (Cape Town, South Africa)
1998: First successful hand transplant (France)
2005: First successful partial face transplant (France)
2008: First baby born from transplanted ovary.
2010: First full facial transplant (July 26, 2010 in Barcelona, Spain.)
Autograft = a transplant of tissue to the same person
Allograft = a transplant of an organ or tissue between two genetically non-identical members of the same species
Isograft = a subset of allografts in which organs or tissues are transplanted from a donor to a genetically identical recipient (identical twin)
Xenograft = a transplant of organs or tissue from one species to another
Split transplant = an organ may be divided between two recipients, especially an adult and a child
Domino transplant = an operation which replaces two different organs at the same time.


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