Organ transplantation is a total or partial replacement of a diseased organ or tissue with a healthy one, from one body (donor) to another (receiver). Organs that can be transplanted: -heart -kidneys -eyes -liver -lungs -intestine -tissues (bones, tendons, cornea, skin, heart valves, and veins). BRAIN cannot be transplanted! 1905: First successful cornea transplant by Eduard Zirm (Czech Republic) 1954: First successful kidney transplant by Joseph Murray (Boston, U.S.A.) 1967: First successful liver transplant by Thomas Starzl (Denver, U.S.A.) 1967: First successful heart transplant by Christian Barnard (Cape Town, South Africa) 1998: First successful hand transplant (France) 2005: First successful partial face transplant (France) 2008: First baby born from transplanted ovary. 2010: First full facial transplant (July 26, 2010 in Barcelona, Spain.) Autograft = a transplant of tissue to the same person Allograft = a transplant of an organ or tissue between two genetically non-identical members of the same species Isograft = a subset of allografts in which organs or tissues are transplanted from a donor to a genetically identical recipient (identical twin) Xenograft = a transplant of organs or tissue from one species to another Split transplant = an organ may be divided between two recipients, especially an adult and a child Domino transplant = an operation which replaces two different organs at the same time.
După plată vei primi prin email un cod de download pentru a descărca gratis oricare alt referat de pe site.Vezi detalii.