The United Arab Emirates,often abbreviated as UAE or shortened toThe Emirates is a federation of seven emirates(Abu Dhabi,Dubai, Sharjah, Ajman, Umm al-Quwain, Ras al-Khaimah and Fujairah) situated in Southwest Asia, bordering the Gulf of Oman and the Persian Gulf, between Oman andSaudi Arabia.It is in a strategic location along southern approaches to the Strait of Hormuz, a vital transit point for world crude oil. The United Arab Emirates boasts the world's seventh largest oil reserves and possesses one of the most developed economies in the Middle East. The capital and second largest city of the United Arab Emirates is Abu Dhabi. It is also the country's center of political, industrial, and cultural activities. In the oases grow date palms, acacia and eucalyptus trees. In the desert the flora is very sparse and consists of grasses and thornbushes. The indigenous fauna had come close to extinction because of intensive hunting, which has led to a conservation program on Bani Yas island initiated by Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan in the 1970s, resulting in the survival of, for example, Arabian oryx and leopards. Coastal fish consist mainly ofmackerel, perch and tuna, as well as sharks and whales. The climate of the U.A.E generally is hot and dry. The hottest months are July and August, when average maximum temperatures reach above 48 ?C (118.4 ?F) on the coastal plain In the Al Hajar Mountains, temperatures are considerably lower, as result of increased altitude. Rain in the coastal region falls in short, torrential bursts during the summer months, sometimes resulting in floods in ordinarily dry wadi beds. The region is prone to occasional, violent dust storms, which can severely reduce visibility. The Jebel Jais mountain cluster in Ras al-Khaimah has experienced snow only twice since records began. The United Arab Emirates is a constitutional democracy based on a federal division of powers. The form of government used in UAE is a constitutional monarchy with a presidential system of government. It is a founding member of the Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf, and a member state of the Arab League. It is also a member of the United Nations, Organisation of the Islamic Conference, the OPEC, and the World Trade Organization. Human rights are legally protected by the Constitution of theUnited Arab Emirates, which confers equality, liberty, rule of law, presumption of innocence in legal procedures, inviolability of the home, freedom of movement, freedom of opinion and speech, freedom of communication, freedom of religion, freedom of council and association, freedom of occupation, freedom to be elected to office and others onto all citizens, within the limit of the law.
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