Tenses Si Modal Verbs

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6. Past tense continuous Afirrmative: S+BE (was/were) +Ving -actiune in desfasurare cu moment precis.
-momentul precis se indica obligatoriu prin: at this time, at x o clock, on Monday subordonata temporala Ex: He was watching TV at this time yesterday/when you called me.
Interrogative: BE+S+Ving Negative: S+BE+NOT+Ving 7. Past perfect continuous Afirrmative: S+HAD+BEEN+Ving -actiune in desfasurare aratand durata.
Adverbe: -since -for -how long Ex: He had been watching TV for one hours when you called me.
Interrogative: HAD+S+BEEN+Ving Negative: S+HAD+NOT+BEEN+Ving 8. PAST Perfect simple (m. m. c. p) Afirrmative: S+HAD+V3/ed Ex: I had read this book a year ago.
-2 actiuni trecute Past Perfect-Past Tense Simple Ex: After I have come back I called him.
Interrogative: HAD+S+V3/ed Negative: S+HAD+NOT+V3/ed 9. Future tense a) Simple: S+WILL+V1 -actiune viitoare gandita ca posibil realizata.
Ex: They will come next summer.
Interrogative: WILL+S+V1 Negative: S+WILL NOT+V1 b) Continuous: S+WILL BE+Ving -actiune viitoare cu moment precis.
-at this time -at x o clock -on Sunday Ex: They will be playing at this time tomorrow.
Interrogative: WILL+S+BE+Ving Negative: S+WILL+NOT+BE+Ving 10. Future perfect (viitor anterior) Afirrmative: S+WILL HAVE+V3/ed (voi fi citit, voi fi scris) -punctul maxim la care o actiune se poate incheia.
BY (prep) -este cu totul cel mai tarziu pana la Ex: I ll have fixed my car by the end of the week.
Interrogative: WILL+S+HAVE+V3/ed Negative: S+WILL+NOT+HAVE+V3/ed PP-FUTURE simultaneitate PS-PRESENT Ex: I ll came when I have time (voi veni cand voi avea timp) PP-Future ps-present perfect simple -cand prop. secundara este anterioara principalei Ex: After I have called him I will have a rest.
S+BE GOING TO+V1 (a intentiona/o sa) Ex: I m going to visit him.
S+BE TO+V1 (a urma sa) Ex: We are to meet later.
Modal verbs Caracteristici: -au numai infinitiv scurt (fara TO) CAN, MAY MUST -sunt urmate de vb.
la infinitiv scurt Ex: I can speak English.
-formeaza interogativul prin inversiune Ex: May I go there.
Negative: S+MV+NOT -can not=can t -may not=- -must not=mustn t !!! NU au aspect continuu !!! NU au toate timpurile (folosesc echivalenti) (E) 1. CAN=be able to=a putea, a fi in stare, a sti (se conjuga) Present: S+CAN (E) Ex: I can fix this car.
Ex: I m able to fix this car.
Past: S+COULD (E) Ex: I could/was able to fix my car.
Future: S+WILL+BE ABLE TO Ex: I ll be able to fix this car.
2. MAY=be allowed to, be permited to (a putea, a avea permisiunea) Present: S+MAY (E) Ex: I may go out and play.
Ex: I m allowed/permited to go out and play.
Past: S+WAS/WERE ALLOWED TO Ex: I was allowed to go out Future: S+WILL BE ALLOWED TO+V1 Ex: I will be allowed to play.
CAN-permission informal-nu are caracter ...


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